By Peter Gerhard
The Description for this publication, The Southeast Frontier of recent Spain, should be forthcoming.
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Practically all that we know about this upheaval is what was written years afterwards by Remesal and others, although Roys (1957) has uncovered many bits and pieces of what happened in Yucatán. Somewhere in the archives there should be reports made in the early 1570s by the bishops of Yucatán, Chiapa, and Guatemala, and by the Dominicans of Ciudad Real and the Franciscans of Mérida, giving detailed information about parishes and Indian doctrinas. A valuable complementary source for this period is the journal of Fray Alonso Ponce (1873), recently reissued in a fine critical edition (Ciudad Real, 1976).
Thus, it seems likely that the author of the relación geográfica of 1579, when he stated that "there used to be thirty thousand [Indian families]," was referring to the number of taxable family heads when the first encomienda count was made, in 1522, and that the native population four years earlier was at least 200,000. There is every reason to believe that the same plagues that struck surrounding areas in humid, hot country were responsible for massive population loss here within the first decades after the conquest.
All subsequent maps in this book portray the area as it was in 1786. ) before it was occupied by the English in midseventeenth century, and a small corner of what is today the state of Chiapas. 5–76, 171–174). Most of these preColumbian political units survived as pueblos under the Spaniards, and their names will be given below. 49–53). 167–172). The status of Acalan in the Candelaria basin was in doubt for some years but by 1557 it was definitely assigned to Yucatán, from which Tabasco was separated by the Laguna de Términos.
The Southeast Frontier of New Spain by Peter Gerhard