By Joze Krasovec
This examine of antithesis in biblical poetry arose out of the author’s prior paintings on merism in his 1977 doctoral dissertation. the current paintings seeks to target the phenomenon of antithesis according to se, and to envision its position in consultant examples of varied biblical genres: “epic,” “psalmic,” “prophetic,” and “didactic” literature. It concludes with a listing of circumstances of antithesis within the Hebrew Bible and an test at large categorization, in addition to a few hypothesis concerning the beginning of the fundamental types of antithesis.
No doubt via its try to concentration cognizance at the particular phenomenon of antithesis and its meeting of definitions and examples, this examine might be of curiosity to a couple scholars of biblical type. regrettably, besides the fact that, it's open to feedback on a number of issues. to start with, its very topic: why “antithesis”? The worthiness of this type for coming near near Hebrew sort isn't really wondered by means of this research, yet in simple terms assumed, possibly simply because antithesis has been this sort of well-liked characteristic in descriptions of classical Greek and Latin rhetoric—indeed, a few of these descriptions (Aristotle, Quintilian, et al.) are marshaled within the author’s fight to outline antithesis for the Bible. yet that the phenomenon he identifies as antithesis may larger be approached within the context of broader facets of biblical kind, even perhaps lower than another rubric, isn't really one among this study’s theoretical issues: to the contrary, the writer is at pains to tell apart antithesis from all demeanour of items that resemble it yet are extra safely known as through different names (“merism,” for example). but no longer all such makes an attempt at isolation and concentration are unavoidably useful, and as a consequence the reader can't aid feeling that, at the one hand, antithesis by no means does get remoted and outlined in any convincing style, and, at the different, attention of antithesis in addition to its excluded look-alikes could have been way more enlightening.
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Additional info for Antithetic Structure in Biblical Hebrew Poetry
The high number of antithetic units of different size necessarily raises the question of which text to select, even within the abovementioned books. The preference given to the longer, original units has resulted in limiting our special structural treatments to the following passages: the Song of Deborah, the Psalms 1, 2, 3, 5, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 55, 58, 59, 73, 82, 89 and selected units from the books of Job, Jeremiah and Ezekiel. However, since there exists no previous comprehensive study of antithesis in the Hebrew Bible - and for that matter, neither for the entirety of world literature - and since we need a surer basis for comparative judgment, it will be appropriate to append to this study a comprehensive list of antithetic units in the Hebrew Bible, a survey of the main categories, and a short discussion about the origin of the antithesis and its basic forms.
Weiss does not discuss antithesis directly and systematically, he actually does provide sorne valuable insights in his detailed analysis of the antithetic Psalm 1 in comparison with Jer 17,5-8. An appropriate evaluation of these works is hardly possible, because their authors either do not go beyond general observations or only touch upon single examples. Each of them is right within the narrow scope of his concern. But because of these limitations, no one was able to establish 59 The following examples are treated in this order: Gen 8,22; Eccl3,2-8; Isa 65,13-14; 3,24; 5,20; Ezek 17,24; 2 Sam 19,7; Isa 5,7; Prov 15,18; Isa 40,4; Joel 2,3; 1 Sam 3,6-7; Isa 54,7-8; Deut 32,21.
In 4a the temporal expression is verbal and underlines YHWH's action of ephiphany; in 6a the temporal expression is substantivaI and describes the miserable situation in the country. How significant this difference is, however, becomes obvious only from the clearly antithetically opposed verbs of the two stanzas. On the one hand, the verbs ~31i. r")~J (twice), 'T:l imply strength and abundance; while on the other side, the verb which appears three times, is used to emphasize weakness and poverty.
Antithetic Structure in Biblical Hebrew Poetry by Joze Krasovec