By John T. Fitzgerald, Fika J. van Rensburg, Herrie F. van Rooy
Animosity in its quite a few kinds, together with enmity, struggle, murder, family violence, spiritual hostility, and retaliation, is a perennial challenge that has plagued each kind of interpersonal and overseas courting because the sunrise of human life. The essays during this quantity, delivering views from 3 continents, learn how animosity is known and provided within the biblical textual content and its historic and literary contexts. The authors realize even as that the Bible itself and the way it's been used have occasionally contributed to the matter of animosity and hence search to glean any insights that would tackle this challenge within the modern global, which at the present time is a urgent worldwide quandary. The participants are Henk Bakker, Paul B. Decock, John T. Fitzgerald, J. J. Fritz Kr??ger, Outi Lepp?¤, Dirk G. van der Merwe, Marius Nel, Eric Peels, Jeremy Punt, Fika J. van Rensburg, Rainer G. H. Reuter, Herrie F. van Rooy, Eben Scheffler, and Eveline van Staalduine-Sulman.
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Additional info for Animosity, the Bible, and Us: Some European, North American, and South African Perspectives
Yahweh appears as judge, who makes a stand for those who have lost their voice. The person who ended the life of his brother has to deal not only with his brother but with Yahweh as well. God calls Cain to account, but Cain resolutely dismisses responsibility for his brother Abel (v. 9). ”). However, the murder committed in secret cannot remain hidden: even if Abel is permanently silenced, his blood calls out (v. 10). This blood is crying (q(c: the “Zeter ruf ”) to Yahweh for retribution for the crime committed.
38 (7) A special debate with the discipline of psychology is called for. In her book on war in the Hebrew Bible, Niditch39 argued that different attitudes on war may be representative of the internal psychological struggle within individuals as they grapple with the internal conflict between compassion and enmity. Of special importance here is the psychology of Sigmund Freud, who distinguished between the eros and Thanatos instincts in humans. A debate on this issue took place between Freud and Einstein in the 1930s40 but should take place today between biblical scholars and psychologists.
Matt 5:43–44) You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason with your neighbor, lest you bear sin because of him. You shall not take vengeance or bear any grudge against the sons of your own people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am Yahweh. (Lev 19:18) Although the Leviticus text is confined to “the sons of your own people,” it does not contain the phrase “hate your enemy” (as in the Matthaean text). If neighborly love is therefore extended to include people of other nations, the enemy should be loved, even on that level.
Animosity, the Bible, and Us: Some European, North American, and South African Perspectives by John T. Fitzgerald, Fika J. van Rensburg, Herrie F. van Rooy