By Sarah E. Boslaugh
An Intermediate advisor to SPSS Programming: utilizing Syntax for facts Management introduces the main initiatives of knowledge administration and offers strategies utilizing SPSS syntax. This e-book fills a huge hole within the schooling of many scholars and researchers, whose coursework has left them unprepared for the knowledge administration matters that confront them once they start to do self sustaining examine. It additionally serves as an advent to SPSS programming. the entire simple gains of SPSS syntax are illustrated, as are many intermediate and complex subject matters resembling utilizing vectors and loops, examining advanced info records, and utilizing the SPSS macro language.
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Additional resources for An Intermediate Guide to SPSS Programming
In this format, you do not specify the column locations of variables, but each variable must be separated by a delimiter, such as a blank space or a comma. The syntax uses the FREE format to read the same data set read above in the FIXED example: DATA LIST FREE / id (A4) exam1 exam2 exam3. BEGIN DATA 101 97 85 100 102 95 97 89 END DATA. LIST VAR = ALL. In the FREE format, SPSS reads the characters up to the first delimiter as the first variable, the characters up to the second delimiter as the second variable, and so on.
0)). 11. 11 Data Read With FORTRAN-Like Variable Specifications ID GRADE1 GRADE2 GRADE3 001 97 98 99 002 87 88 89 TWO SHORTCUTS FOR DECLARING VARIABLES WITH IDENTICAL FORMATS Often, a data file includes contiguous variables that have the same format. You can use the TO keyword to refer to them in DATA LIST and other procedures: DATA LIST / ID 1-2 (A) resp1 TO resp6 3-8. qxd 10/12/2004 3:52 PM Page 51 Reading Raw Data in SPSS 03100110 END DATA. LIST VAR = ALL. SPSS will allocate the columns specified (3–8 in this case) evenly to the number of variables specified (6, in this case), so resp1 to resp6 are read as numeric variables of length 1.
However, if you choose not to use this option, you can still document your output using the ECHO command, which will cause the text following it to appear in the output file. The text must be enclosed in apostrophes or quotation marks, as in the following example: ECHO “Descriptive statistics on the baseline file”. The phrase Descriptive statistics on the baseline file will appear in the output file. , 2001). 0 for Windows, so I recommend experimenting with it. qxd 36 10/12/2004 12:17 PM Page 36 An Introduction to Computer Programming With SPSS USING TITLES AND SUBTITLES Using titles and subtitles is another way to document SPSS output.
An Intermediate Guide to SPSS Programming by Sarah E. Boslaugh