By University John Buckler
This booklet covers the political, diplomatic, and army historical past of the Aegean Greeks of the fourth century BC, elevating new questions and delving into previous disputes and controversies. It comprises their energy struggles, the Persian involvement of their affairs, and the last word Macedonian conquer Greece. It bargains with the political proposal of federalism and its relatives to the best of the polis. the quantity concludes with the triumph of Macedonian monarchy over the polis.
In facing the nice public problems with fourth-century Greece, the method of them encompasses a mixture of resources. the standard literary and archaeological info types the fundamental origin for the topographical exam of each significant web site pointed out within the textual content. Numismatic proof likewise unearths its position the following.
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Additional resources for Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century Bc
Y. W. , The Great Isthmus Corridor Route, I (Dubuque 1991) 118–119; personal observations of 19 October 1999; 12 August 2000. A fuller description of this site will be found on pp. 79–80, where its signiﬁcance becomes clearer. 22 position in the Aegean, with its concomitant fruits and dangers. These issues were complex and discussion heated. Yet few details of the debates over them have survived. Nor is there any evidence that opinions on any topic were ever unanimous or consistent.
33 eastwards to the major cities of the Propontis, and thence southwards along the entire Anatolian coast. All of the major cities of Ionia, Lydia, and Karia stood under Spartan control. The major ones in the east included Selymbria, Byzantion, and Chalkedon, all of which guarded access to the Euxine Sea. They also stood as perpetual threats to the Athenian grain route to the modern Crimea. Southwards Spartan control of Kyzikos, Lampsakos, and Abydos further tightened their hold on this vital region.
8; 21–1–7; Mor. 482D; Thuc. 94–96. B. Due, C&M 38 (1987) 53–63; Shipley, Plutarch’s Agesilaos, 96–105. 29 After their service to the state, some were callously discarded, sometimes under very suspicious circumstances. Perhaps even more importantly, many full Spartan citizens, the “Equals”, were losing their lands and therewith their political status. Despite the myth of equality among the citizenry, from the outset some Spartans held more land than others, and strove increasingly to gain even more.
Aegean Greece in the Fourth Century Bc by University John Buckler