By Alan J. Southward, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman
Quantity forty three is an eclectic quantity with experiences on ecology and biogeography of marine parasites; fecundity: features and function in life-history concepts of marine invertebrates; the ecology of Southern Ocean Pack-ice; and organic and distant sensing views of pigmentation in coral reef organisms. Advances in Marine Biology used to be first released in 1963. Now edited through A.J. Southward (Marine organic organization, UK), P.A. Tyler (Southampton Oceanography organization, UK), C.M. younger (Harbor department Oceanographic establishment, united states) and L.A. Fuiman (University of Texas, USA), the serial publishes in-depth and updated stories on a variety of subject matters with a view to attract postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technology, ecology, zoology, oceanography. Eclectic volumes within the sequence are supplemented via thematic volumes on such subject matters as The Biology of Calanoid Copepods . Key beneficial properties * AMB first released 1963 * This quantity offers a range of experiences at the biology of lesser-known taxa of the phylum Mollusca, together with: * The as a rule diminutive protobranch bivalves * The slug-like shelled opisthobranchs * The hugely really expert and evolutionarily complicated tusk shells * the gorgeous, helpful, but frustratingly hard-to-collect slit shells
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Rohde (in press) has reviewed mate finding in parasites. The very narrow niches (strict host specificity and narrow microhabitats) may, at least partly, be the result of selection to ensure cross-fertilization ("mating hypothesis" of niche restriction, see above). The reader is referred to this review for more detailed information. ECOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHYOF MARINE PARASITES 43 Figure 17 Posterior globule of the oncomiracidium of Zeuxapta seriolae (Monogenea Polyopistocotylea). Note: crystal-like inclusions (arrows) in large vacuoles (V) and nuclei (N).
The method applied to many plant and animal groups may be used to test the prediction of Rohde (1980b) that large and vagile animal species, as well as species occurring in large populations, generally live in saturated niche space leading to significant interspecific competition, whereas small and sedentary species and species occurring in small populations live in non-saturated niche space and show little interspecific competition. 4. Structure of parasite communities Some recent reviews and studies of marine parasite communities are by Kuris and Lafferty (1994), Lafferty et al.
Ectoparasite abundance was positively correlated with host length of three of seven coral reef fishes (Grutter, 1994), and both intra- and interspecific variation in numbers of isopods correlated well with host size, after controlling for host phylogeny and sampling effort (Grutter and Poulin, 1998a). According to Marcogliese (2001), productivity and diversity are higher in marine than in freshwater systems, and the structure of the food web is more complex, leading to differences in parasite richness and diversity between freshwater and marine systems.
Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 43 by Alan J. Southward, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman