By Hector M Patmore
The oracle opposed to the King of Tyre, present in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a tough textual content that encouraged different interpretations in overdue Antiquity. for instance, based on one rabbinic culture the textual content pointed out the 1st guy, Adam, whereas the Church Fathers present in an analogous textual content an outline of the autumn of devil. This e-book reports the rabbinic assets, patristic literature, the Targum, and the traditional translations, and seeks to appreciate the explanations for the various interpretation, the interplay among the exegetical traditions and the groups of interpreters, particularly among Jews and Christians, and the impression the explicit shape and wording of the textual content had at the formation and improvement of every interpretation.
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Additional info for Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity
Sanh. 95b); and according to Leviticus Rabbah, Hiram is the stepfather of Nebuchadnezzar at whose hand he suffered death: Another interpretation: When any man has an issue out of his flesh, etc. e. . —‘His judgement and destruction proceed from him’ refers to Nebuchadnezzar. R. Simon said: There is a traditional haggadah that Hiram was the husband of the mother of Nebuchadnezzar who stood against him and killed him; hence it is written, I brought forth fire from your midst, it consumed you (Ezek 28:18).
Here it is Daniel and Nebuchadnezzar who are the examples for which Hiram serves as the anti-type: Bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt (Gen 47:29). Another reason why Jacob did not wish to be buried in Egypt was they should not make him an object of idolatrous worship (lit. a loathsome work, עבודה ;)זרהfor just as idolaters will be punished, so will their deities too be punished, as it says, And against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments (Exod 12:12). Thus one finds in the case of Daniel.
Thus one finds in the case of Daniel. This haggadah is attributed to R. Eleazar bar R. ). 34 rabbinic literature 31 When he interpreted Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, what is said? “Then the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, and worshipped Daniel and commanded that they should make offerings of sweet odours unto him” (Dan 2:46). 35 Likewise one finds in the case of Hiram. When he made himself a god, what is written of him? “Because your heart is lifted up, and you have said: I am a god” (Ezek 28:2).
Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity by Hector M Patmore