By Monique Bernards
Quickly after their profitable revolution in 750 advert, the Abbāsids supplanted the Umayyad dynasty, equipped the hot urban of Baghdad, Iraq which turned the capital of the Islamic Empire. The civilization that the Abbāsids helped to create carried forth the torch of data lit via historical Greece, Rome, Byzantium, and Persia. including lots of their very own specified contributions, the Abbāsid dynasty left an indelible mark at the historical past of humankind.
This present collection of ʿAbbāsid reviews provides a colorful mosaic of recent learn into classical Arabic texts that sheds mild on major old, political, cultural and spiritual facets of the ʿAbbāsid period and offers perception into how the basics of philology are formed. impressive vistas of historical goals open up whereas ʿAbbāsid armies clatter and collide; photos are conjured of murderous caliphs, overseas having a look littérateurs and speaking items. We see a full of life self...
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25 Sprenger considered Ibn Khurradādhbih the ‘grandfather’ of the Arabic geographical tradition. 26 In addition to the Masālik, Sprenger drew upon a host of largely unpublished Arabic geographical works, including, most notably, the Kitāb al-kharāj wa ṣināʿat al-kitāba by the ʿAbbāsid administrator Qudāma b. Jaʿfar (d. 27 For Sprenger, part of the appeal of Ibn Khurradādhbih and Qudāma was that as state bureaucrats they both had direct access to official caliphal records, and thus their works offered genuine information for the historical documentation of administrative practices.
1695) in his Bibliothèque orientale, ou Dictionaire universel (Paris, 1697). This immensely popular encyclopaedia drew extensively from the Kashf al-ẓunūn of the Ottoman bibliophile Ḥājjī Khalīfa (d. 1067/1657). 11 A copy of Ibn Khurradādhbih’s Masālik made its way to Europe by way of Robert Huntington (d. 12 Although Huntington collected widely across the fields of adab and Islamic religious sciences (ʿulūm al-dīn), like many of his contemporaries he also had a noticeable penchant for works on mathematics, medicine, astronomy, cosmography, descriptive geography, and history.
We see a lively self portrait of a scholar struggling with the presentation of his own image. Each and every picture deserves our attention, as we let it work in while trying to grasp its meaning and how it fits within the mosaic as a whole. Inspired by this image of a mosaic of ʿAbbāsid studies, I came to the not quite arbitrary ordering of articles found in this volume. In what follows, I shall shortly introduce each contribution while focussing on the connecting and overlapping patterns of the mosaic.
Abbasid Studies IV by Monique Bernards