By Anthony Kenny
Sir Anthony Kenny the following maintains his interesting account of the historical past of philosophy, targeting the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this is often the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author background of philosophy to seem in decades.
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Extra info for A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy
8 8 The great theological debate of the succeeding century concerned the worship of images or icons. It might have been expected that the iconoclastic controversy would have thrown up interesting contributions to semiotics, the philosophical theory of signs. But this hope appears, from a brief survey of the literature, to be vain. 28 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH Philosophy in the Carolingian Empire Outside the Roman Empire the world was transformed beyond recognition. The life of the prophet Muhammad came to an end in 633, and within ten years of his death the religion of Islam had spread by conquest from its native Arabia throughout the neighbouring Persian Empire and the Roman provinces of Syria, Palestine, and Egypt.
These Christians did not accept the condemnation of Nestorius at the Council of Ephesus in 431, and they were not reconciled by the Council of Chalcedon in 451. Accordingly, their school was closed by the emperor Zeno in 489. The scholars migrated to Persia, where they continued the work they had begun at Edessa of translating the logical works of Aristotle from Greek into Syriac. After the Muslim conquest of Persia and Syria, scholars from this school were invited to the court of Baghdad in the era of the enlightened caliphs of the Arabian Nights.
Vitale in Ravenna shows the Emperor Justinian and his court. 27 PHILOSOPHY AND FAITH human and divine. He was summoned to Constantinople by the emperor to defend his views on the Incarnation, but failed to answer the summons. Philoponus outlived Justinian by a few years, but was condemned after his death for his heretical teaching about the Trinity. He was the last signiWcant philosopher of the ancient world, and after his death philosophy went into hibernation for two centuries. Between 600 and 800 the former Roman Empire shrank to little more than Greece, the Balkans, and part of Asia Minor.
A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy by Anthony Kenny