Download PDF by Lynn V. Foster: A Brief History of Mexico

By Lynn V. Foster

ISBN-10: 0816071713

ISBN-13: 9780816071715

ISBN-10: 1438108273

ISBN-13: 9781438108278

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Spain’s War Machine Our Spaniards in sixty years of conquest have discovered, explored, and conquered so much land . . Blessed be God who gave them such grace and power. Francisco López de Gómara, 16th century The conquistadores off the coast of Moctezuma’s empire were the product of a country that had the greatest war machine in all of Europe. For several centuries Spain had fought to rid itself of the Moorish infidels. Anarchy had ruled the land until 1492, when the last Islamic outpost surrendered at Granada.

Preceding the final phase of Mesoamerica, there was a decided shifting of power and movement of peoples throughout the Mexican region. From the collapse of the Classic period cultures rose new cities in Veracruz (El Tajín), northern Yucatán (Chichén Itzá), the northern basin of Mexico (Tula), as well as other areas. The inhabitants of these cities borrowed from both their Maya and Teotihuacán predecessors to create a more eclectic, more pan-Mesoamerican art style: they carved hieroglyphs on stone monuments, but only short texts; their art was naturalistic like that of the Maya, but stylistically was more sharp-edged and rectilinear like that of Teotihuacán (see page 39).

Mixtec polychrome pottery and exquisite gold jewelry were prized possessions, and often were imitated throughout Mesoamerica in the Late Postclassic period. Some of the finest examples of Mixtec jewelry were excavated from tombs at Monte Albán, which the Mixtecs reused when burying their own lords. In 1519 Mesoamerica was a checkerboard of cultures, just as it always had been. Unprecedented, however, was the Aztecs domination of most of the land and their onerous demands for tribute. Their enemies soon would find an opportunity to fight back.

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A Brief History of Mexico by Lynn V. Foster

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